Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand

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About the Job

Manually move freight, stock, or other materials or perform other general labor. Includes all manual laborers not elsewhere classified.

It is also Called

  • Yeast Pusher
  • Yardman
  • Yard Person
  • Yard Laborer
  • Yard Cleaner
  • Wrecker
  • Wood Sawyer
  • Wood Cutter
  • Wood Chopper
  • Wheeler
View All

What They Do

  • Bundle and band material such as fodder or tobacco leaves, using banding machines.
  • Adjust or replace equipment parts, such as rollers, belts, plugs, or caps, using hand tools.
  • Rig or dismantle props or equipment, such as frames, scaffolding, platforms, or backdrops, using hand tools.
  • Carry out general yard duties, such as performing shunting on railway lines.
  • Connect electrical equipment to power sources so that it can be tested before use.
  • Shovel material, such as gravel, ice, or spilled concrete, into containers or bins or onto conveyors.
  • Carry needed tools or supplies from storage or trucks and return them after use.
  • Pack containers and re-pack damaged containers.
  • Wash out cargo containers or storage areas.
  • Guide loads being lifted to prevent swinging.


People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: R.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Realistic interests.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Working Conditions in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Education Required

These occupations usually require a high school diploma.


In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $30,410 with most people making between $19,610 and $45,010


avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 116,690 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 124,540 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 785 openings due to growth and about 3,475 replacement openings for approximately 4,260 total annual openings.

Pennsylvania Department of Education