Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic

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About the Job

Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

It is also Called

  • Welder-Fitter
  • Welder
  • Steel Fabricator
  • Solid Surface Fabricator
  • Shipfitter Apprentice
  • Shipfitter
  • Ship Fitter
  • Ship Erector
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Rigger
show all

What They Do

  • Apply pigment to layout surfaces, using paint brushes.
  • Install doors, hatches, brackets, and clips.
  • Add dimensional details to blueprints or drawings made by other workers.
  • Brace parts in position within hulls or ships for riveting or welding.
  • Design and prepare templates of wood, paper, or metal.
  • Inspect machined parts to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules.
  • Lift and position workpieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates.
  • Locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators.
  • Compute layout dimensions, and determine and mark reference points on metal stock or workpieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IA.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Artistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Support, but also value Relationships and Independence in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Education Required

These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

Wages

In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $43,140 with most people making between $27,390 and $58,780

Outlook

0.00%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 250 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 210 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 0 openings due to growth and about 0 replacement openings for approximately 0 total annual openings.



Pennsylvania Department of Education