Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.
- Prepare and serve a variety of beverages such as coffee, tea, and soft drinks.
- Butcher and clean fowl, fish, poultry, and shellfish to prepare for cooking or serving.
- Stir and strain soups and sauces.
- Distribute menus to hospital patients, collect diet sheets, and deliver food trays and snacks to nursing units or directly to patients.
- Assemble meal trays with foods in accordance with patients' diets.
- Vacuum dining area and sweep and mop kitchen floor.
- Keep records of the quantities of food used.
- Operate cash register, handle money, and give correct change.
- Mix ingredients for green salads, molded fruit salads, vegetable salads, and pasta salads.
- Make special dressings and sauces as condiments for sandwiches.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: I.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Working Conditions in their jobs.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Food Production - Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $22,070 with most people making between $16,640 and $30,000
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 35,800 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 37,680 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 188 openings due to growth and about 1,002 replacement openings for approximately 1,190 total annual openings.
- Cooks, Fast Food
- Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food
- Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers
- Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners
- Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners
- Slaughterers and Meat Packers
- Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
- Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand
- Packers and Packagers, Hand