Prepare, season, and cook dishes such as soups, meats, vegetables, or desserts in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.
- Bake breads, rolls, cakes, and pastries.
- Plan and price menu items.
- Butcher and dress animals, fowl, or shellfish, or cut and bone meat prior to cooking.
- Estimate expected food consumption, requisition or purchase supplies, or procure food from storage.
- Prepare relishes and hors d'oeuvres.
- Coordinate and supervise work of kitchen staff.
- Keep records and accounts.
- Consult with supervisory staff to plan menus, taking into consideration factors such as costs and special event needs.
- Substitute for or assist other cooks during emergencies or rush periods.
- Carve and trim meats such as beef, veal, ham, pork, and lamb for hot or cold service, or for sandwiches.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: RE.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Realistic interests, but also prefer Enterprising environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Support, but also value Relationships and Independence in their jobs.
- Food Production - Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
- Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
In 2017, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $25,540 with most people making between $17,280 and $36,750
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 35,460 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 41,170 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 571 openings due to growth and about 939 replacement openings for approximately 1,510 total annual openings.
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