Nurse Practitioners

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About the Job

Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

It is also Called

  • Women's Health Care Nurse Practitioner
  • Surgical Nurse Practitioner
  • Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Palliative Care Nurse Practitioner
  • Orthopedic Nurse Practitioner
  • Obstetrics-Gynecology Nurse Practitioner
  • Nurse Practitioner, Adult
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • Neurosurgical Nurse Practitioner
show all

What They Do

  • Keep abreast of regulatory processes and payer systems such as Medicare, Medicaid, managed care, and private sources.
  • Advocate for accessible health care that minimizes environmental health risks.
  • Perform primary care procedures such as suturing, splinting, administering immunizations, taking cultures, and debriding wounds.
  • Maintain departmental policies and procedures in areas such as safety and infection control.
  • Provide patients or caregivers with assistance in locating health care resources.
  • Maintain current knowledge of state legal regulations for nurse practitioner practice including reimbursement of services.
  • Supervise or coordinate patient care or support staff activities.
  • Perform routine or annual physical examinations.
  • Schedule follow-up visits to monitor patients or evaluate health or illness care.
  • Diagnose or treat complex, unstable, comorbid, episodic, or emergency conditions in collaboration with other health care providers as necessary.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IAE.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Artistic and Enterprising environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Achievement and Support in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Education Required

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Wages

In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $94,540 with most people making between $65,790 and $125,450

Outlook

2.80%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 4,000 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 5,120 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 112 openings due to growth and about 98 replacement openings for approximately 210 total annual openings.

Industries that Employ this Occupation

Industry breakdown is not available for this occupation



Pennsylvania Department of Education