Provide therapy to patients with visual impairments to improve their functioning in daily life activities. May train patients in activities such as computer use, communication skills, or home management skills.
- Vision Therapist
- Vision Specialist
- Vision Rehabilitation Therapist (VRT)
- Teacher of the Visually Impaired
- Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments (TVI)
- Rehabilitation Teacher
- Orientation and Mobility Therapist for the Blind
- Orientation and Mobility Specialist
- Orientation and Mobility Instructor
- Orientation & Mobility Specialist
- Design instructional programs to improve communication using devices such as slates and styluses, braillers, keyboards, adaptive handwriting devices, talking book machines, digital books, and optical character readers (OCRs).
- Train clients to read or write Braille.
- Identify visual impairments related to basic life skills in areas such as self-care, literacy, communication, health management, home management, and meal preparation.
- Obtain, distribute, or maintain low vision devices.
- Teach independent living skills or techniques such as adaptive eating, medication management, diabetes management, and personal management.
- Refer clients to services, such as eye care, health care, rehabilitation, and counseling, to enhance visual and life functioning or when condition exceeds scope of practice.
- Administer tests and interpret test results to develop rehabilitation plans for clients.
- Write reports or complete forms to document assessments, training, progress, or follow-up outcomes.
- Train clients to use adaptive equipment such as large print, reading stands, lamps, writing implements, software, and electronic devices.
- Participate in professional development activities such as reading literature, continuing education, attending conferences, and collaborating with colleagues.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IAE.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Artistic and Enterprising environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Achievement and Independence in their jobs.
- Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $78,420 with most people making between $51,670 and $112,400
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 6,440 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 7,820 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 138 openings due to growth and about 122 replacement openings for approximately 260 total annual openings.
- Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors
- Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary
- Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary
- Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
- Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School
- Occupational Therapists
- Physical Therapists
- Nurse Midwives
- Athletic Trainers