Physicians who diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind.
- Serve on committees to promote or maintain community mental health services or delivery systems.
- Prepare and submit case reports or summaries to government or mental health agencies.
- Review and evaluate treatment procedures and outcomes of other psychiatrists or medical professionals.
- Teach, take continuing education classes, attend conferences or seminars, or conduct research and publish findings to increase understanding of mental, emotional, or behavioral states or disorders.
- Advise or inform guardians, relatives, or significant others of patients' conditions or treatment.
- Counsel outpatients or other patients during office visits.
- Examine or conduct laboratory or diagnostic tests on patients to provide information on general physical condition or mental disorder.
- Analyze and evaluate patient data or test findings to diagnose nature or extent of mental disorder.
- Collaborate with physicians, psychologists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, or other professionals to discuss treatment plans and progress.
- Design individualized care plans, using a variety of treatments.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: ISA.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Social and Artistic environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Recognition and Relationships in their jobs.
- Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $183,450
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 1,060 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 1,180 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 12 openings due to growth and about 28 replacement openings for approximately 40 total annual openings.
Industry breakdown is not available for this occupation
- School Psychologists
- Clinical Psychologists
- Neuropsychologists and Clinical Neuropsychologists
- Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors
- Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers
- Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary
- Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary
- Pediatricians, General
- Preventive Medicine Physicians
- Naturopathic Physicians