Teach courses in the physical sciences, except chemistry and physics. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
- Volcanology Teacher
- Volcanology Professor
- Stratigraphy Teacher
- Space Studies Faculty Member
- Seismology Teacher
- Research Scientist
- Research Professor
- Professor of Oceanography
- Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences
- Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
- Act as advisers to student organizations.
- Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.
- Participate in campus and community events.
- Answer questions from the public and media.
- Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.
- Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
- Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
- Review papers or serve on editorial boards for scientific journals, and review grant proposals for federal agencies.
- Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SI.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Investigative environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Independence and Working Conditions in their jobs.
- Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
In 2017, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $93,460 with most people making between $41,530 and $152,130
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 890 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 940 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 5 openings due to growth and about 15 replacement openings for approximately 20 total annual openings.
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