Animal Scientists

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About the Job

Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

It is also Called

  • Swine Nutritionist
  • Swine Extension Field Specialist
  • Sericulturist
  • Research Scientist
  • Research Nutritionist
  • Research Center Partner
  • Research and Development Researcher (R&D Researcher)
  • Research and Development Director (R&D Director)
  • Poultry Scientist
  • Poultry Husbandman
show all

What They Do

  • Crossbreed animals with existing strains or cross strains to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics.
  • Determine genetic composition of animal populations and heritability of traits, using principles of genetics.
  • Research and control animal selection and breeding practices to increase production efficiency and improve animal quality.
  • Conduct research concerning animal nutrition, breeding, or management to improve products or processes.
  • Study effects of management practices, processing methods, feed, or environmental conditions on quality and quantity of animal products, such as eggs and milk.
  • Write up or orally communicate research findings to the scientific community, producers, and the public.
  • Develop improved practices in feeding, housing, sanitation, or parasite and disease control of animals.
  • Advise producers about improved products and techniques that could enhance their animal production efforts.
  • Study nutritional requirements of animals and nutritive values of animal feed materials.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IA.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Artistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Recognition and Independence in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Food Production - Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Education Required

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Wages

In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $52,060 with most people making between $26,730 and $78,090

Outlook

0.00%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 50 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 50 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 0 openings due to growth and about 0 replacement openings for approximately 0 total annual openings.



Pennsylvania Department of Education