Adjust and operate surveying instruments, such as the theodolite and electronic distance-measuring equipment, and compile notes, make sketches and enter data into computers.
- Perform manual labor, such as cutting brush for lines, carrying stakes, rebar, and other heavy items, and stacking rods.
- Place and hold measuring tapes when electronic distance-measuring equipment is not used.
- Provide assistance in the development of methods and procedures for conducting field surveys.
- Perform calculations to determine earth curvature corrections, atmospheric impacts on measurements, traverse closures and adjustments, azimuths, level runs, and placement of markers.
- Run rods for benches and cross-section elevations.
- Direct and supervise work of subordinate members of surveying parties.
- Lay out grids, and determine horizontal and vertical controls.
- Maintain equipment and vehicles used by surveying crews.
- Compare survey computations with applicable standards to determine adequacy of data.
- Operate and manage land-information computer systems, performing tasks such as storing data, making inquiries, and producing plots and reports.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: I.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Support, but also value Relationships and Independence in their jobs.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $47,040 with most people making between $25,420 and $73,210
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 1,740 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 1,790 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 5 openings due to growth and about 25 replacement openings for approximately 30 total annual openings.
- Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health
- Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
- Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
- Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers
- Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians
- Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
- Chemical Plant and System Operators
- Freight and Cargo Inspectors