Water/Wastewater Engineers

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About the Job

Design or oversee projects involving provision of potable water, disposal of wastewater and sewage, or prevention of flood-related damage. Prepare environmental documentation for water resources, regulatory program compliance, data management and analysis, and field work. Perform hydraulic modeling and pipeline design.

It is also Called

  • Watershed Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Project Manager
  • Water/Wastewater Project Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Engineer
  • Water Systems Engineer
  • Water Systems Designer
  • Water Reuse Program Manager
  • Water Resources Engineer
  • Water Project Engineer
  • Water Engineer
show all

What They Do

  • Perform mathematical modeling of underground or surface water resources, such as floodplains, ocean coastlines, streams, rivers, or wetlands.
  • Conduct environmental impact studies related to water and wastewater collection, treatment, or distribution.
  • Analyze the efficiency of water delivery structures, such as dams, tainter gates, canals, pipes, penstocks, or cofferdams.
  • Develop plans for new water resources or water efficiency programs.
  • Oversee the construction of decentralized or on-site wastewater treatment systems, including reclaimed water facilities.
  • Perform hydrological analyses, using three-dimensional simulation software, to model the movement of water or forecast the dispersion of chemical pollutants in the water supply.
  • Design water runoff collection networks, water supply channels, or water supply system networks.
  • Analyze and recommend sludge treatment or disposal methods.
  • Provide technical support on water resource or treatment issues to government agencies.
  • Conduct water quality studies to identify and characterize water pollutant sources.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: ICA.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Conventional and Artistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Working Conditions and Recognition in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Education Required

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

Wages

In 2016, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $83,200 with most people making between $47,930 and $125,070

Outlook

1.16%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 3,280 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 3,660 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 38 openings due to growth and about 92 replacement openings for approximately 130 total annual openings.



Pennsylvania Department of Education