Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.
- Communicate with vendors to gather information about products, alert them to future needs, resolve problems, or address system maintenance issues.
- Visit vendors, attend conferences or training sessions, or study technical journals to keep up with changes in technology.
- Use network computer-aided design (CAD) software packages to optimize network designs.
- Supervise engineers or other staff in the design or implementation of network solutions.
- Research and test new or modified hardware or software products to determine performance and interoperability.
- Prepare or monitor project schedules, budgets, or cost control systems.
- Prepare detailed network specifications, including diagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommended technologies.
- Prepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customers.
- Participate in network technology upgrade or expansion projects, including installation of hardware and software and integration testing.
- Monitor and analyze network performance and reports on data input or output to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: ICE.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Conventional and Enterprising environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Working Conditions and Independence in their jobs.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Telecommunications - Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
In 2017, the average annual wage in Pennsylvania was $106,240 with most people making between $59,190 and $155,990
During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 3,690 people in Pennsylvania. It is projected that there will be 3,910 employed in 2024.
This occupation will have about 22 openings due to growth and about 48 replacement openings for approximately 70 total annual openings.