Computer Programmers

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About the Job

Create, modify, and test the code, forms, and script that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software developers or other individuals. May assist software developers by analyzing user needs and designing software solutions. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.

It is also Called

  • White Hat Hacker
  • Website Programmer
  • Website Developer
  • Website Designer
  • Web Site Developer
  • Web Site Designer
  • Web Programmer
  • Web Page Designer
  • Web Graphic Designer
  • Web Editor
View All

What They Do

  • Collaborate with computer manufacturers and other users to develop new programming methods.
  • Train subordinates in programming and program coding.
  • Write or contribute to instructions or manuals to guide end users.
  • Assign, coordinate, and review work and activities of programming personnel.
  • Investigate whether networks, workstations, the central processing unit of the system, or peripheral equipment are responding to a program's instructions.
  • Consult with and assist computer operators or system analysts to define and resolve problems in running computer programs.
  • Prepare detailed workflow charts and diagrams that describe input, output, and logical operation, and convert them into a series of instructions coded in a computer language.
  • Compile and write documentation of program development and subsequent revisions, inserting comments in the coded instructions so others can understand the program.
  • Perform systems analysis and programming tasks to maintain and control the use of computer systems software as a systems programmer.
  • Consult with managerial, engineering, and technical personnel to clarify program intent, identify problems, and suggest changes.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IC.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Conventional environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Working Conditions and Support in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Programming - Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.



Pennsylvania Department of Education